By Jonathan W. White
Within the spring of 1861, Union army specialists arrested Maryland farmer John Merryman on fees of treason opposed to the us for burning railroad bridges round Baltimore so that it will hinder northern infantrymen from achieving the capital. From his legal mobile at fortress McHenry, Merryman petitioned leader Justice of the perfect courtroom Roger B. Taney for unlock via a writ of habeas corpus. Taney issued the writ, yet President Abraham Lincoln missed it. In mid-July Merryman was once published, basically to be indicted for treason in a Baltimore federal court docket. His case, besides the fact that, by no means went to trial and federal prosecutors ultimately brushed off it in 1867.In Abraham Lincoln and Treason within the Civil warfare, Jonathan White finds how the arrest and prosecution of this little-known Baltimore farmer had an enduring effect at the Lincoln management and Congress as they struggled to improve guidelines to house either northern traitors and southern rebels. His paintings sheds major new mild on a number of perennially debatable criminal and constitutional concerns in American historical past, together with the character and volume of presidential battle powers, the improvement of nationwide guidelines for facing disloyalty and treason, and the security of civil liberties in wartime.
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Extra info for Abraham Lincoln and Treason in the Civil War: The Trials of John Merryman (Conflicting Worlds: New Dimensions of the American Civil War)
From prison, Merryman was allowed to contact his counsel and friends. “We learn that Mr. ” 30 | Abraham Lincoln and Treason in the Civil War Through his lawyers, Baltimore city counselor George M. Gill and the prisoner’s brother-in-law, George H. Williams, Merryman immediately petitioned Chief Justice Roger B. Taney, a fellow Marylander, for a writ of habeas corpus. This writ, one of the bulwarks of freedom for Englishmen, required the arresting officer to bring “the body” of the prisoner before a court so that the prisoner could either be charged and sent back to prison or be released.
Wm. Eckart a police man was in the cars with [an] axe breaking open boxes at the orders of the crowd,” recalled another man. ” Rev. ”12 While the Massachusetts soldiers slogged through Baltimore, the Pennsylvania boys found themselves stranded at President Street Station without uniforms, arms, or protection. —the crowd were beating them desperately. m. the Pennsylvania soldiers were able to board a train back to the City of Brotherly Love. 13 Baltimore secessionists could not contain their rage.
He had gone to bed. The two went into his room and told him that the threatened danger to the city necessitated such a step. They asked his advice. He did not wish to give it. He rolled and groaned. Brown insisted and declared he would not act without explicit orders from him. Hicks twisted the sheet over his head rolled over agst. the wall and moaned rather than exclaimed ‘Oh! Yes. ’ ”17 Word spread quickly that the city and state governments had authorized the destruction of railroad bridges and telegraph wires around Baltimore.