By Ronald Simons
The startle reflex offers a revealing version for reading the ways that advanced neurophysiology shapes own event and styles of recurrent social interplay. within the such a lot varied cultural contexts, in societies commonly separated by means of time and house, the inescapable body structure of the reflex either shapes the adventure of startle and biases the social usages to which the reflex is placed. This e-book describes ways that the startle reflex is skilled, culturally elaborated, and socially utilized in a wide selection of instances and locations. It bargains factors either for the patterned commonalities discovered throughout cultural settings and for the variations engendered by way of diversified social environments. Boo! will intrigue readers in fields equivalent to mental anthropology, scientific anthropology, normal cultural anthropology, social psychology, cross-cultural psychiatry, evolutionary psychology, and human ethology.
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Additional info for Boo! Culture, Experience, and the Startle Reflex (Series in Affective Science)
Subsequent tests revealed that almost any sudden unexpected stimulus was effective in producing the excessive startle reaction. Physical examination within normal limits. (Thorne, 1944/45, p. 107) A similar case was published in the International Journal of Social Psychiatry by a Dutch psychiatrist, J. A. Jenner: A husband seeks help for his 40-year-old wife. They have had a near car accident as a result of her abnormal movements in reaction to the honking of another car. Both are lower middle class, white, and have no family ties with Indonesia (a former Dutch colony).
As is true of thrown objects, the defensive posture is usually not aimed at the eliciting stimulus. I jump when startled and often assume a defense posture, especially if startled while sleeping. It is rather embarrassing to wake up and find myself in a full standing defense posture. It probably doesn't help that I've had some judo training, but it really shakes my husband up when it happens in the middle of the night if the phone should ring or there should be some other sudden noise.... M. I walked into what I thought was an empty elevator and there was a person in the corner.
New York: Farrar & Rinehart. , & Davis, M. (1993). " Brain Research, 623,215-222. , Jr. ). " Gratefully Yours (National Library of Medicine), 1-2. Rosch, E. (1975). Universals and specifics in cultural categorization. W. Brislin, S. J. ), Cross-cultural perspectives on learning (pp. 177-206). New York: Halstead/Wiley. E (1971). Phobias and preparedness. Behavior Therapy, 2, 307-320. Z. (1993). Mutations in the Alpha 1 subunit of the inhibitory glycine receptor cause the dominant neurologic disorder, hyperekplexia.