By Sameh Hanna
This booklet explores the consequences of Pierre Bourdieu’s sociology of cultural creation for the learn of translation as a socio-cultural job. Bourdieu’s paintings has persisted to encourage learn on translation within the previous few years, notwithstanding with out a designated, large-scale research that assessments the viability of his conceptual instruments and methodological assumptions. With specialize in the Arabic translations of Shakespeare’s tragedies in Egypt, this publication bargains a close research of the speculation of ‘fields of cultural creation’ with the aim of supplying a clean viewpoint at the genesis and improvement of drama translation in Arabic.
The various situations of the Arabic translations of Hamlet, Macbeth, King Lear and Othello lend themselves to sociological research, as a result advanced socio-cultural dynamics that conditioned the interpretation judgements made through translators, theatre administrators, actors/actresses and publishers. In tough the mainstream background of Shakespeare translation into Arabic, that is generally premised at the linguistic proximity among resource and goal texts, this booklet makes an attempt a ‘social heritage’ of the ‘Arabic Shakespeare’ which takes as its foundational assumption the truth that translation is a socially-situated phenomenon that's purely absolutely preferred in its socio-cultural milieu. via a close dialogue of the construction, dissemination and intake of the Arabic translations of Shakespeare’s tragedies, Bourdieu in Translation Studies marks an important contribution to either sociology of translation and the cultural background of contemporary Egypt.
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Extra resources for Bourdieu in Translation Studies: The Socio-cultural Dynamics of Shakespeare Translation in Egypt
Bourdieu’s Sociology of Cultural Productionâ•… 25 Boundaries of the field are also delineated through the acts of naming exercised by its members in order to define themselves in opposition to members of other fields. The presence or absence of a particular group in the social universe depends, as Bourdieu observes, on “its capacity to get itself recognized, to get itself noticed and admitted, and so to win a place in the social order” (1984: 480–1). ). ). However, the name that any particular social group accepts for itself is the outcome of a struggle among its members.
Exercising reflexivity in relation to the universalizing attitude inherent in the scholastic point of view does not lead, Bourdieu argues, to relativism, but rather to “a genuine realpolitik of reason”, where universals in human and social sciences are seen as engendered by the outcome of the political3 struggle between the agents in a particular field of cultural production (Bourdieu 1998: 139). The legitimacy lent to what is believed to be universal 20â•… Bourdieu’s Sociology of Cultural Production precepts of science is due to the belief that these universals are the product of an apolitical and disinterested scientific reason.
3â•… Front cover of Muḥammad ‘Iffat al-Qāḍī’s translation of Macbeth (1911). drama translation, is of the pioneering translation of Fénelon’s Télèmaque into Arabic by the educationalist, social reformer and pioneer of Arabic translation Rifā‘a al-Ṭahṭāwī (1801–1873). François Fénelon’s work was not part of the canon of French literature at the time al-Ṭahṭāwī decided to 32â•… Bourdieu’s Sociology of Cultural Production translate Télèmaque into Arabic, yet he chose it as his first full-length literary translation for reasons he highlights in his introduction to the translation; about The Adventures of Télèmaque he says: [The Adventures of Télèmaque] gained popularity among [people from different] nations and religions, and were translated into other languages for the noble meanings they comprise, which include advice for kings and rulers, and morals for improving the manners of the public, at times communicated straightforwardly and clearly, at others implicitly.