By C. David Chaffee
A re-working of C.D. Chaffee's formerly released The Rewiring of America (Academia, 1988), this specialist e-book describes the fiber optics revolution. there were many alterations in the fiber optics box because the book's first e-book. those comprise advances in optical networking; the extra bandwidth created via the net and linked information prone; liberalization of the worldwide telecommunications undefined; and the rewiring of the world's oceans with fiber optics. Building the worldwide Fiber Optics Superhighway info these kind of advancements. C.D. Chaffee writes: `One factor is obvious: as our networks develop into essentially data-driven, they should be outfitted otherwise, with the intention to deal with information first, but in addition voice. it's a various method of taking a look at the world.'
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Extra resources for Building the Global Fiber Optics Superhighway
The PC-1 also uses the self-healing ring design and WDM. There are two landing points in both the United States (Washington and California) and in Japan. Initial service began in February 2000, with full ring capabilities by July 2000. The PC-1 system is designed to operate initially at 80 Gbps, but it is upgradeable to a minimum of 160 Gbps using WDM. The PC-1’s organizers say it is the first noncarrier, privately owned and operated undersea cable network to cross the Pacific Ocean. Similar in some respects to its European undertakings, Global Crossing is teaming with Marubeni in Japan to build a terrestrial fiber optic network connecting the major cities in Japan.
The ultimate solution perhaps could be to run fiber to every cable television residence in the United States eventually. However that was impractical at the 37 38 CHAPTER 3 time, since fiber was too expensive and too difficult to work with. (Note: Since cost and difficulty were viewed as two barriers to the further advance of fiber, much time was spent in the late 1980s to reduce costs and make fiber easier to work with. ) In the meantime however the goal was to bring the advantages of fiber to cable television networks in as cost effective a manner as possible through the advent of HFC.
For example, if traffic must be rerouted, the spare fibers can do it immediately and at full capacity. After the initial plan was announced, Global Crossing decided to add a terrestrial link, which became known as Pan-European Crossing. , providing access to Amsterdam, Brussels, and the French border. Under the agreement, VersaTel also receives capacity and dark fiber on Global Crossing’s Pan-European Crossing network. With this agreement, Global Crossing reasoned, European customers could connect Europe to the United States, Latin America, and Asia.