Download Business Improvement Districts and the Shape of American by Jerry Mitchell PDF

By Jerry Mitchell

ISBN-10: 0791473090

ISBN-13: 9780791473092

ISBN-10: 1435632060

ISBN-13: 9781435632066

Jerry Mitchell offers a accomplished research of industrial development districts (BIDs)--public-private partnerships that form urban locations into engaging locations for individuals to paintings, reside, and feature enjoyable. accountable for the revitalization of latest York's occasions sq. and Seattle's Pioneer sq., BIDs function in huge towns and small cities through the usa. Mitchell examines the explanations for his or her emergence, the methods they're prepared and financed, the categories of companies they supply, their functionality, their merits and downsides, and their destiny customers.

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Additional resources for Business Improvement Districts and the Shape of American Cities (S U N Y Series on Urban Public Policy)

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Narrated by Lewis Mumford, the film portrayed central cities as polluted behemoths with crowded streets and harried denizens, while the places outside cities were depicted as idyllic enclaves with rolling parkways, pleasant office parks, and virile boys (all Caucasian) playing baseball in spacious greenery. Complete with Aaron Copland’s brooding music for cities and bucolic refrains for the suburbs, The City was seen by thousands of people searching for their destiny at the World’s Fair. It just so happened this was the same year The Wizard of Oz was released; the first color motion picture depicted Emerald City as multihued and fascinating, yet replete with machinations and fake rewards.

Movie houses and nightclubs were packed. Downtown was where people purchased their first television, where important parades were held, and where the quintessential downtown marketer—Santa Claus—appeared annually. The postwar idea was that personal consumption served the public interest. The best form of citizenship was to acquire as many consumer items as possible. 62 The expectation was that city life would prosper through the selling and buying of a multiplicity of goods and services, which would also bring about HISTORICAL CONNECTIONS 31 greater affluence in the nation as a whole.

47 These taxes were eventually blocked as chain stores challenged them in the courts and in the legislative arena through expensive lobbying campaigns led by the National Chain Store Association (which represented almost all of the major chain stores). Chain stores also thwarted local action by threatening to move their operations outside the taxing jurisdiction of cities (which did not happen, but was always a possibility). Whether the threat was real or not, cities could not take the chance during the Great Depression of losing any business, especially successful retailers that were helping cities to survive.

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