By Deborah Lamm Weisel
Modern gangs are power regardless of efforts to regulate them. Theories of gangs clarify the emergence of gangs yet supply little perception into their endurance and development. Weisel tested the organizational features of 4 legal gangs. even supposing even huge gangs look disorganized, they don't seem to be ephemeral teams. as a substitute, the gangs characteristic features of organic-adaptive corporations instead of hierarchical or bureaucratic firms. As such, those gangs function mixed ambitions, shared determination making, a constitution in accordance with subdivisions, and a generalist orientation. Such positive aspects advertise potency in a hugely risky setting and give a contribution to raises within the dimension and variety of modern gangs in the USA.
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Additional info for Contemporary Gangs: An Organizational Analysis (Criminal Justice (LFB Scholarly Publishing LLC).)
Weber (1964: 151) stated that "An organization is a system of continuous purposeful activity of a specified kind"; Blau and Scott (1962) define the organization as a social unit "established for the explicit purpose of achieving certain goals" (p. 1). Stinchcombe (1965) defined the organization as "a set of stable social relations deliberately created, with the explicit intention of continuously accomplishing some specific goals or purposes" (p. 142). In addition to goal orientation, these definitions suggest that formation of an organization is intentional and purposeful, there is some process of continuity within the organization, and that goal orientation consists of a collective effort or coordination of some activity directed at achieving the goal.
Tomorrow's organizations will be federations, networks, clusters, cross-functional teams, lattices, modules, matrices, almost anything but pyramids," prophesied Bennis, in predicting the demise of the hierarchy. Burns and Stalker described the characteristics of the organic form of organization: team-based, flexible and less rule-bound than the mechanical hierarchy. In contrast to bureaucratic or mechanistic organizations, organizations which are oriented to change feature different organizational structures.
Fagan studied the four gang types in three cities. Social gangs accounted for 28 percent of the gangs; party gangs, accounted for 7 percent; serious delinquents constituted 37 percent; and "organization" gangs represented 28 percent of all gangs. But these proportions varied from one city to another. In the three cities, Chicago gangs were predominately serious delinquents and organized gangs; Los Angeles gangs were more social (38 percent) and serious delinquents (36 percent) while San Diego gangs consisted of more serious delinquents (39 percent) and organized gangs (31 percent).