By Joan Fitzgerald
Here's a clean examine how American towns are best the way in which towards greener, purifier, and extra sustainable types of financial improvement.
In Emerald Cities, Joan Fitzgerald exhibits how within the absence of a entire nationwide coverage, towns like Chicago, big apple, Portland, San Francisco, and Seattle have taken the lead in addressing the interrelated environmental difficulties of worldwide warming, pollutants, strength dependence, and social justice. towns are significant assets of toxins yet as a result of their inhabitants density, reliance on public transportation, and different components, Fitzgerald argues that they're uniquely suited for advertise and make the most of eco-friendly financial improvement. For towns dealing with worsening price range constraints, making an investment in high-paying eco-friendly jobs in renewable strength expertise, building, production, recycling, and different fields will resolve difficulties instantly, sparking monetary development whereas whilst dramatically enhancing caliber of existence. Fitzgerald additionally examines how making an investment in eco-friendly study and expertise can help to revitalize older business towns and provides examples of towns that do not make the top-ten eco-friendly lists equivalent to Toledo and Cleveland, Ohio and Syracuse, ny. And for towns wishing to emulate these already engaged in constructing greener monetary practices, Fitzgerald exhibits which techniques might be preferable in line with each one city's measurement, fiscal heritage, geography, and different certain conditions. yet towns can't act by myself, and Fitzgerald analyzes the function of nation and nationwide govt coverage in assisting towns create the following wave of unpolluted expertise progress.
Lucid, forward-looking, and guided by means of a level-headed optimism that basically distinguishes among actual growth and exaggerated claims, Emerald Cities issues the best way towards a sustainable destiny for the yankee urban.
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Additional info for Emerald Cities: Urban Sustainability and Economic Development
D a Adapted from Massachusetts Technology Collaborative. Available at http://www. htm (accessed November 16, 2008). html (accessed November 16, 2008). c Energy Information Administration. 2008. Renewable Energy Trends in Consumption and Electricity 2006. S. Department of Energy. 23–25. pdf (accessed December 2, 2008). d American Wind Energy Association, Wind Power 101. Available at http://www. shtml (accessed November 16, 2008). The cost of wind is considerably less than solar; the production cost has declined from 30 cents per kilowatt-hour in the early 1980s to less than 5 cents per kilowatt-hour with the federal production tax credit.
2. 20 *Includes federal employees and direct support contractors. Source: Bolinger, 2007. Jump-Starting Solar in Berkeley At the state level, California is the nation’s leader in promoting conversion to solar, and some of the Golden State’s cities have pioneered the most ingenious strategies (see text box on pp. 45–46). Politically liberal Berkeley, where progressives usually control city government, has pioneered a system that uses the local government to ﬁnance consumers’ up-front costs of investing in solar.
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