By Victor Anderson
Any makes an attempt to regulate the greenhouse impression will contain lowering carbon dioxide emissions and as a result calls for power potency. Victor Anderson analyses ways that strength can be utilized extra economically and discusses powerful guidelines for selling this. particular case experiences are used to demonstrate earlier makes an attempt to introduce regulations geared toward lowering intake of power and gives a pragmatic and topical consultant to tackling the results of world warming sooner or later.
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6 Such policies have, on the whole, proved effective, although there can be difficulties in maintaining the momentum for further improvements after an initial set of improvements has already been achieved. The effectiveness of example-setting is obviously likely to be improved if combined with publicity and information about what has been achieved. THE ORGANISATION OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY Governments influence the ways in which the promotion of energy efficiency is organised, both directly through their own structures and indirectly through encouraging developments in the private and voluntary sectors.
Governments have also made available much more specific information about energy costs, technologies, standards, etc. Energy audits have been provided to give consumers a detailed analysis of their energy use, combined with advice about cutting their consumption and hence their costs. g. g. g. USA). Information can also be provided about the energy efficiency of electrical appliances and cars through labelling, booklets, and data published in advertisements. Technical manuals and handbooks have also been provided in some cases, along with technical advisory services, and training programmes such as the energy managers’ programme in Japan.
A recent study by the OECD and the International Energy Agency14 included the following as examples of ‘promising areas for technical development’: • Advanced road vehicle design, including reduced size and weight, and advanced engines. • Improvement in energy efficiency of air conditioning. • Use of heat pumps in buildings. • Improved heat efficiency through highly efficient insulating materials. • Windows which adjust opacity to maximise solar gain. • Improved electromechanical drives and motors to increase efficiency in manufacturing machinery.