By Stanley G. Payne
This research deals therapy of all of the significant doctrines, personalities and defining positive factors of the Spanish fascist flow, from its beginnings till the loss of life of normal Francisco Franco in 1977. the writer describes and analyzes the advance of the Falangist celebration either sooner than and through the Spanish Civil struggle, offering a close research of its transformation into the country celebration of the Franco regime - Falange Espanola Tradicionalista - in addition to its final conversion into the psuedofascist Movimiento Nacional. specific realization is dedicated to the the most important years 1939-1942, while the Falangists endeavoured to extend their effect and convert the Franco regime right into a absolutely Fascist approach.
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Extra info for Fascism in Spain, 1923-1977
Maura himself never supported extreme maurismo, and always maintained scrupulous respect for established constitutional procedure, but some of his followers eventually supported an authoritarian alternative. I I The breakpoint in Spanish affairs came during the extended postwar political crisis, the six years of proto-democratization, social conflict, and political fragmentation between 19 I 7 and 1923. Like other political systems of nineteenth-century elitist liberalism in southern and east-central Europe, the Spanish system was incapable of accepting or undergoing sufficient reform to permit a genuine transition to democracy, while, partly because of the country's neutrality in the war, the established elites nonetheless managed to cling to political power.
Thereafter the mauristas tended more and more to divide, a minority veering toward Christian democracy and participating in the founding of the Partido Social Popu- 20 PART ONE. NATIONALISM IN SPAIN lar in 1922. Others took a more authoritarian direction, championing a pronounced nationalism, strong leadership, and the need for a government of authority. Maura himself never supported extreme maurismo, and always maintained scrupulous respect for established constitutional procedure, but some of his followers eventually supported an authoritarian alternative.
The Valencian chapter of the Sociedad Economica de los Amigos del Pais, which in the late eighteenth century had along with its counterparts pressed for elimination of the traditional guild system, in 1879 recommended a reorganized guild system to rectify the excesses of rampant individualism. From the time of Leo XIII, recommendations for some form of corporatism were frequent in Catholic ranks, and the most prominent traditionalist politician and ideologue of the early twentieth century, Juan Vazquez de Mella y Fanjul, corresponded with the internationally known theorist Albert de Mun and formulated corporatist doctrine for Carlism.