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ISBN-10: 9264119914

ISBN-13: 9789264119918

ISBN-10: 9264119922

ISBN-13: 9789264119925

Innovation is vital to eco-friendly development. It is helping decouple progress from typical capital depletion and contributes to financial development and task production. company is the motive force of innovation, yet governments have to offer transparent and good industry indications, e.g. via carbon pricing. This booklet explores coverage activities for the deployment of recent applied sciences and options as they emerge: funding in study and improvement, help for commercialisation, strengthening markets and fostering know-how diffusion. pageant might be necessary to convey out the easiest ideas.

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Extra info for Fostering Innovation for Green Growth (OECD Green Growth Studies)

Sample text

7) and far exceeded that of the rest of the chemical sector and industry overall. For other areas of green chemistry, the growth rate has been more in line with that of the chemical sector in general, although patents for totally chlorine-free pulp and paper technology rose significantly in the early 1990s only to decline at the beginning of this decade. The trend for selected white biotechnology, which exceeded that of the chemical sector overall, is of particular interest as this area represents around 70% of all sustainable chemistry patents identified in the report.

There is some evidence that the scope of green innovation is broadening, however, involving both technological and non-technological innovation. For example, the practices of manufacturing firms in realising green innovation have evolved in recent decades, starting from treating pollution at the point of discharge (through technological “end-of-pipe solutions”), moving to preventing pollution and minimising inputs in the first place (“cleaner production”). In recent years, an increasing number of firms have focused on solutions that integrate methods of minimising material and energy flows by changing products and production methods and reusing waste as a new resource for production (OECD, 2010c).

All firm sizes. Source: Eurostat (2010), Community Innovation Statistics (CIS-2008), Luxembourg. FOSTERING INNOVATION FOR GREEN GROWTH – © OECD 2011 40 – 1. INNOVATION IN GREEN GROWTH STRATEGIES Advances have also been achieved through better management practices and integrated strategies. g. environmental accounting) can result in improved environmental performance, and complement technological innovations (Johnstone, 2007). More integrated and systematic methods to improve sustainability in manufacturing have laid the foundation for exploring more radical and systemic innovations that could lead to significant environmental benefits.

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