By Wolfgang Ecker, Wolfgang Müller, Rainer Dömer
Regardless of its significance, the function of HdS is often underestimated and the subject isn't good represented in literature and schooling. to deal with this, Hardware-dependent software program brings jointly specialists from varied HdS components. via delivering a entire assessment of basic HdS rules, instruments, and functions, this publication presents sufficient perception into the present know-how and upcoming advancements within the area of HdS. The reader will locate an engaging textual content booklet with self-contained introductions to the foundations of Real-Time working platforms (RTOS), the rising BIOS successor UEFI, and the Abstraction Layer (HAL). different chapters disguise business purposes, verification, and gear environments. instrument introductions conceal the appliance of instruments within the ASIP software program software chain (i.e. Tensilica) and the iteration of drivers and OS parts from C-based languages. purposes specialize in telecommunication and automobile platforms.
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Additional resources for Hardware-dependent Software: Principles and Practice
This type of application does not involve conversational elements, but the latency of the transmission has a strong impact on the perceived user experience of the content. A typical candidate for a streaming application is Internet Protocol TV (IPTV) and presentable content covers live transmissions of sport events. Consequently, streaming applications have tighter requirements on delay bounds and delay variations. Real-time interactive applications exhibit the most challenging requirements with respect to delay and jitter.
The basic services like process management, inter-process communication, interrupt handling, or process synchronization have to be provided in an efficient manner making use of a very restricted resource budget. Various techniques like library-based approaches, monolithic kernels, microkernels, or virtual machines/exokernels have been developed, each of them dedicated to specific demands. The classical approach is given by monolithic kernels. They allow efficient handling of service requests. Microkernels export as many services as possible into user space, thus reducing the risk of kernel corruption.
Real-time systems can be characterized by the strictness of real-time restrictions. A real-time task is called hard if missing its deadline may cause catastrophic consequences on the environment under control. g. power-train control, air-bag control, steer by wire, and brake by wire. In the aeronautics domain engine control or aerodynamic control may serve as examples. A RT task is called firm if missing its deadline makes the result useless, but missing does not cause serious damage. Typical application areas are weather forecast or decisions on stock exchange orders.