By Jacob Golomb, Robert S. Wistrich
Nietzsche, the Godfather of Fascism? What can Nietzsche have in universal with this murderous ideology? often defined because the "radical aristocrat" of the spirit, Nietzsche abhorred mass tradition and strove to domesticate an Übermensch endowed with unparalleled psychological traits. What can one of these philosopher have in universal with the fascistic manipulation of the hundreds for chauvinistic ambitions that overwhelmed the autonomy of the person?
The query that lies on the middle of this assortment is how Nietzsche got here to procure the lethal "honor" of being thought of the thinker of the 3rd Reich and even if such claims had any justification. Does it make any feel to carry him not directly liable for the horrors of Auschwitz?
The editors current a number of perspectives that try and do justice to the anomaly and richness of Nietzsche's suggestion. high-quality contributions by way of various special philosophers and historians discover extensive Nietzsche's attitudes towards Jews, Judaism, Christianity, anti-Semitism, and nationwide Socialism. They interrogate Nietzsche's writings for fascist and anti-Semitic proclivities and view how they have been learn via fascists who claimed Nietzsche as their highbrow godfather.
There is way that's disturbingly antiegalitarian and antidemocratic in Nietzsche, and his writings on Jews are open to differing interpretations. but his emphasis on individualism and contempt for German nationalism and anti-Semitism placed him at stark odds with Nazi ideology.
The Nietzsche that emerges here's a tragic prophet of the non secular vacuum that produced the 20th century's totalitarian events, the philosopher who most sensible clinically determined the pathologies of fin-de-siècle eu tradition. Nietzsche dared to appear into the abyss of recent nihilism. This e-book tells us what he came upon.
The individuals are Menahem Brinker, Daniel W. Conway, Stanley Corngold, Kurt Rudolf Fischer, Jacob Golomb, Robert C. Holub, Berel Lang, Wolfgang Müller-Lauter, Alexander Nehamas, David Ohana, Roderick Stackelberg, Mario Sznajder, Geoffrey Waite, Robert S. Wistrich, and Yirmiyahu Yovel.
Read Online or Download Nietzsche, Godfather of Fascism?: On the Uses and Abuses of a Philosophy PDF
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Extra info for Nietzsche, Godfather of Fascism?: On the Uses and Abuses of a Philosophy
Negative power does not express itself spontaneously, but derivatively: it is fundamentally deﬁcient and defective, striving to encourage itself by enjoyment obtained from abuse and cruelty. Nietzsche applies this anthropological typology for his moral considerations. He does not posit power against morality, but proposes an active morality of positive power against the traditional passive type, opting for courageous creativity and autonomy based on the acquired selfhood of the moral agent. ” Nietzsche proposes instead an egoistic morality that springs out of positive power and selfexpression.
1973), 89. 2. Quoted in the Marbacher Katologe: ‘Das 20. Jahrhundert. Von Nietzsche bis zur Gruppe 47’, ed. B. Zeller (Deutsche Schillergesellschaft Marbach a. , 1980), 20 (our translation). Compare to A. Rosenberg, Friedrich Nietzsche. Ansprache bei einer Gedenkstunde anlasslich ¨ des 100. Geburtstages Nietzsches am 15. Oktober 1944, in Weimar (Munich: Zentralverlag der NSDAP, Franz Eher Nachfolger, 1944). 3. Karl Popper, The Open Society and its Enemies (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1945), 1:230.
18 According to various notes it appears that Nietzsche was not at all content with a psychology that had become “the morphology and the doctrine of the development of the will to power” (BGE, 23; KSA, 5:38) but wished to revise Schopenhauer’s formula and generalize the psychological phenomenon of the will into a comprehensive metaphysical cosmology. This goal contrasted with his basic assumption that any metaphysical system was another redundant “shadow” of the dead God (GS, 108). It also contradicted other published writings in which he objected to Schopenhauer’s cosmology of “the will in itself” as “a primeval mythology” (GS, 127; KSA, 3:483).