By Paul Collier, V. L Elliott, Havard Hegre, Anke Hoeffler, Marta Reynal-Querol, Nicholas Sambanis
Civil wars allure less recognition than foreign wars yet they're turning into more and more universal and customarily pass on for years. the place improvement succeeds, nations turn into gradually more secure from violent clash, making next improvement more uncomplicated. the place improvement fails international locations can develop into trapped in a vicious circle: conflict wrecks the economic system and raises the chance of extra battle. This new international financial institution coverage learn document demanding situations the idea that civil wars are inevitable and proposes an schedule for worldwide motion.
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Extra info for Breaking the Conflict Trap: Civil War and Development Policy (World Bank Policy Research Reports)
38); Sierra Leone: McDonald (2002, p. 6). 29 B R E A K I N G T H E C O N F L I C T T R A P : C I V I L WA R A N D D E V E L O P M E N T P O L I C Y Civil war survivors have lost family members, friends, livelihoods, and identity. Many of them are living in refugee camps. This experience of trauma suffered on a wide scale has psychological consequences: “Intimate exposure to brutality and subsequent displacement and civil disorder leave individuals psychologically scarred and the intricate network of social interaction deeply torn” (McDonald 2002, p.
As refugees stay in asylum countries for 35 B R E A K I N G T H E C O N F L I C T T R A P : C I V I L WA R A N D D E V E L O P M E N T P O L I C Y long periods after the civil war ends, the social effects of civil war on asylum countries are also persistent. Among all the long-run, indirect effects of civil war, it causes most deaths in neighboring populations through infectious diseases, especially malaria. Large-scale refugee flows put people into crowded conditions in the asylum countries without access to clean water and food, making the camps a perfect environment for the spread of infectious diseases.
The profile argues for an active malaria control campaign in the camps to reduce morbidity” (Guha-Sapir and Forcella 2001, p. 34). Why might there be such a strong connection between refugees and the incidence of malaria? War leads to the movement of people. In general the anarchic situation caused by this social unrest and the military importance of paved roads force people to walk through unfamiliar rural areas and forests to avoid areas of military operations. 3 Refugees and cases of malaria, 1962–97 Interpolated number of cases (millions, not including China or India) Refugees (millions) 16 40 12 30 8 20 10 Refugees Cases of malaria 4 0 0 1962 1967 1972 1977 1982 1987 1992 1997 Source: UNHCR (2002); WHO (1983, 1999).