By Mark D. J. Williams
Many nations in Sub-Saharan Africa see broadband ICT as a vital a part of their long term fiscal improvement procedure. spine networks are the high-capacity networks that lie on the middle of communications structures and make allowance the supply of the excessive volumes of information wanted for broadband. What high-capacity spine networks that do exist within the sector tend to be restricted to significant city parts and a few inter-city routes. festival among spine networks is underdeveloped so the cost of prone is still excessive and caliber is frequently bad. This trend of community improvement is the results of excessive bills and regulatory regulations on community improvement. the place nations have totally liberalized their telecommunications markets and promoted infrastructure festival, costs have fallen and caliber more desirable. spine community coverage should still specialize in selling festival, decreasing the price of community building and inspiring community improvement into presently underserved parts. pageant may be promoted via elimination regulatory regulations corresponding to limits at the variety of licenses and constraints on kind of infrastructure and companies that licensees can provide. the price of spine community improvement will be decreased through the use of strength and shipping infrastructure and lowering felony expenses resembling acquiring making plans permission.Stimulating spine community improvement past significant city parts may be accomplished via developing public-private partnerships to inspire operators to construct networks into at the moment underserved components.
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Additional info for Broadband for Africa: developing backbone communications networks
The terms under which operators 44 BACKBONE POLICIES FOR SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA can obtain access to the backbone networks of other operators will have a significant impact on the success of their business and will influence whether effective competition in the downstream market develops.
7 Fiber-Optic Backbone Network Length in India 500 453 route kilometers (thousands) 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 67 50 34 29 20 17 9 9 8 7 3 3 2 1 1 BS Re NL lia nc e Bh ar t Ra i Po ilte we l rg rid VS NL M TN L GA IL TA TA Hu tc h HF C Sh L ya m Ai rc VS e NL S l Br PIC E oa db an d 0 network operators Source: TRAI 2006. 24 BACKBONE NETWORKS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL), the state-owned incumbent operator in India, has undertaken an extensive rollout of its backbone network as part of a government policy to ensure that all exchanges are connected by fiber-optic cables.
Remove Regulatory Obstacles to Investment and Competition Remove limits on the number of network licenses. In many countries that have nominally “liberalized” their network markets, there is a formal or informal limit on the number of licenses issued (World Bank 2008). There is little economic justification for such a limit, however, since many types of networks do not require scarce resources. This is particularly true for fiber-optic cable networks that do not use radio spectrum. Experience from around the world indicates that markets can successfully support multiple network operators.