By J. B. Owens
"By My Absolute Royal Authority": Justice and the Castilian Commonwealth at first of the 1st international Age is a examine of judicial management. From the 15th century to the 17th, the dominion of Castile skilled a outstanding proliferation of judicial associations, which historians have usually noticeable as a part of a metanarrative of "state-building." but, Castile's frontiers have been tremendous porous, and a crown govt that can now not keep an eye on the kingdom's borders exhibited neither the power to acquire details and form affairs, nor the centrality of courtroom politics that many historians declare on the way to craft a tidy narrative of this era. Castilians retained their loyalty to the monarchy now not a result of "power" of the associations of a constructing "state," yet simply because they shared an id as voters of a commonwealth within which a excessive worth was once given to justice as an final function of the political group and a conviction that the sovereign possessed "absolute royal authority" to determine that justice used to be performed. This expectation served as a origin for the political id and loyalty that held jointly for a number of centuries the disparate and globally-dispersed domain names of the Hispanic Monarchy, yet perceptions of the way good crown judicial associations labored have been a basic determinant of the measure of help a monarch may allure to satisfy financial and army ambitions. This e-book maps a part of this unexpected terrain via a microhistory of a longer, excessive profile lawsuit that used to be conscientiously watched by way of generations of Castilian leaders. Justices from the overdue 15th century to the reign of Philip II had hassle resolving the clash as the right workout of "absolute royal authority" was once itself the crucial felony factor and the dispute pitted opposed to one another participants of vital teams who confirmed a bent to provide prominence to various interpretive schemes as they attempted to appreciate their global. The account brings jointly political rules and political motion via giving severe cognizance to how good royal justices have been in a position to deal with tough, admired proceedings that raised politically troubling questions and concerned significant litigants. J. B. Owens is professor of the historical past and director of the Glenn E. Tyler assortment at Idaho country collage, the place he focuses on Spanish heritage and using Geographic details platforms for study and educating.
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Extra info for "By My Absolute Royal Authority": Justice and the Castilian Commonwealth at the Beginning of the First Global Age
I examine in detail the process by which the justices of a major royal tribunal, the audiencia of the Chancillería (regional royal judicial institution) of Granada, sought for three decades to adjudicate the ToledoBelalcázar dispute, eventually ruling in favor of Toledo’s claims. The Chancillería played a pivotal role in Charles V’s effort to build effective collaborative relationships with leaders of the Castilian commonwealth, because of widespread dissatisfaction, among those who governed the kingdom’s municipalities, with the Council of Castile as a judicial body.
This may have been timed to pay other dividends. When those in John II’s war council doubted whether they should fight the infantes at Olmedo, it was the arrival in early May of the master of Alcántara with between 500 and 600 knights of his order and its jurisdictions that turned opinions toward battle. In the conflict itself, Gutierre decisively led his unit in support of that of prince Henry against the flank of the infante Enrique’s warriors. After the victory, with Luna as the new master of Santiago, prince Henry and his current chief advisers, the brothers Juan Pacheco and Pedro Girón, suddenly left Court for Segovia, and Gutierre was ordered to chase and stop them so that Henry would not replace the infantes as a rallying point for opposition to Luna’s regime.
Having forfeited the trust of most of the great nobles through his selfishness and duplicity when in charge, Luna progressively lost the confidence of the king, who increasingly resented Luna’s dictatorial control over Court affairs and the monarch’s personal life. 29 The Nimble Magnate Gutierre de Sotomayor In an environment so characterized by mutual suspicion and violent conflict that no amount of wealth and military power provided security even to the greatest warriors, Gutierre de Sotomayor emerged from the shadows in 1426 as a comendador (commander) of the military order of Alcántara.