By Jonathan Stuart Citow, R. Loch Macdonald, Visit Amazon's Daniel Refai Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Daniel Refai,
Praise for the former edition:
"An first-class assessment for the written neurosurgical boards...recommended to all neurosurgery residents."--Journal of Neurosurgery
The moment version of Comprehensive Neurosurgery Board Review includes all of the info you must organize for the yankee Board of Neurological surgical procedure (ABNS) written exam. Authored by way of a staff of specialist clinicians and neurosurgery trainees who earned most sensible rankings on their checks, this version distills the present wisdom of the neurosciences and crucial details for medical perform. Six chapters supply entire insurance of middle innovations in anatomy, body structure, pathology, radiology, neurology, neurosurgery, and significant care.
Features of the second one edition:
This wonderful overview is an critical source for neurosurgical citizens getting ready for the ABNS certification examination. it's also perfect for clinicians looking a refresher or for these getting ready for recertification tests
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Additional info for Comprehensive neurosurgery board review
Brodmann’s areas (Fig. 23) Area Functional Area Location Function 1, 2, 3 1° somatosensory cortex Postcentral gyrus Touch 4 1° motor cortex Precentral gyrus Voluntary motor control 5 3° somatosensory cortex, posterior parietal association Superior parietal lobule Stereognosis 6 Supplementary motor control, supplementary eye field, premotor adjacent cortex Precentral gyrus and rostral adjacent cortex Limb and eye movement planning Supplementary eye field, premotor adjacent cortex Cortex; frontal eye fields 7 8 9, 10, 11, 12 Posterior parietal association Superior parietal lobule Frontal eye fields Superior, middle frontal Gyri, medial frontal lobe Prefrontal association Superior, middle frontal cortex Frontal eye fields Gyri, medial frontal lobe 13, 14, 15, 16 Insular cortex 17 Primary visual cortex Banks of calcarine fissure Vision 18 Secondary visual cortex Medial and lateral Occipital gyri Vision, depth 19 Tertiary visual cortex, middle Temporal visual area Medial and lateral Vision, color, motion Occipital gyri Depth 20 Visual inferotemporal area Inferior temporal gyrus Form vision 21 Visual inferotemporal area Middle temporal gyrus Form vision 22 Higher order auditory cortex Superior temporal gyrus Visuomotor control, perception Saccadic eye movements Thought, cognition Movement planning Hearing, speech 23, 24, 25, 26, 27 Limbic association cortex Cingulate gyrus, subcallosal area, retrosplenial area, parahippocampal gyrus Emotions 28 Parahippocampal gyrus Smell, emotions 29, 30, 31, 32, 33 Limbic association cortex Cingulate gyrus and limbic association cortex Emotions 34, 35, 36 Parahippocampal gyrus Smell, emotions Primary olfactory cortex, limbic association cortex Primary olfactory cortex; limbic association cortex (Continued on page 34) 34 1 Anatomy C.
Striatal output a. Striatonigral fibers: head of caudate → substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNpr) b. Striatopallidal fibers: caudate/putamen → globus pallidus interna (GPi; inhibitory, GABA) c. Nigrothalamic fibers — terminate in VA, VLm, MD (GABA) E. Medullary lamina 1. Lateral medullary lamina — between putamen and GP 2. Medial medullary lamina — divides medial and lateral GP (MGP, LGP) 3. Accessory medullary lamina — divides MGP into inner and outer segments F. Globus pallidus (GP) 1. GP input a.
A single thoracic radicular artery (artery of Adamkiewicz) arises from the aorta at T7 (most vul nerable to low flow); 75% arise from T9–T12; 80% arise from the left 2. Posterior arterial system a. Paired posterior spinal arteries form a leptomeningeal perimedullary network that anastomoses with the anterior system, most prominently at the level of the conus where the anastomotic loop is located. b. Blood from the posterior medullary arteries flows centripetally in the perforating branches from the leptomeningeal system of the spinal cord surface to the posterior columns and posterior horns.