By Marwan Dwairy
The lengthy shadow of September eleven has woke up a frequent wish to comprehend extra approximately Arab and Islamic cultures. As an Arab who discovered western psychology, Marwan Dwairy has first-hand adventure with the dilemmas fascinated by adapting western psychotherapy to the wishes of Arab and Muslim consumers. Drawing from his 25 years of scientific and academic adventure, this unique quantity can help to deepen wisdom and stay away from stereotyping between counselors, therapists, social staff, and different psychological overall healthiness execs. the writer presents a presentation of Arab and Muslim heritage, peoples, and cultures, together with the schooling and socialization in their childrens. moreover the publication includes a systematic revision of the methods interested in baby improvement, character, psychodiagnosis, psychopathology, and psychotherapy, with path for while and the way to use each one intervention technique, and leading edge innovations and types of analysis and intervention particularly designed for Arab and Muslim consumers, comparable to utilizing the actual atmosphere as a diagnostic and healing instrument and utilizing metaphoric and oblique intervention tools.
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Additional info for Counseling And Psychotherapy With Arabs And Muslims: A Culturally Sensitive Approach (Multicultural Foundations of Psychology and Counseling)
Anonymity in America is a psychological as well as a social situation which is alien to the traditional lifestyle in small communities in the Arab countries; there it is enough to mention one’s last name to gain respect and preferential Arab/Muslim Families in the United States 37 treatment, while in the United States one must follow another path to better social status, such as education, work, and wealth. For example, two sisters, who belonged to a sacred clan in Morocco with genealogy going back to the prophet Mohammad, were frustrated by the fact that in the United States they belonged to the lower class.
Within this system, in which issues are determined by others, the individual learns to be helpless as an individual, avoids personal initiative or challenges, and expects matters to be arranged by some external force. Put in other terms, Arabs/Muslims tend to have an external locus of control (Dwairy, 1998a). In the collective, social norms and values determine the course of people’s life rather than personal decisions, and therefore diversity within such a culture is very limited. People think, feel, and behave according to a priori determined standards.
Parenting Styles The authoritarian parenting style is considered in the West to be a negative style that does not promote the mental health of children. However, it seems that the authoritarian style has a different effect on Arab/Muslim children. In research that was intended to study the socialization measures that Arab/Muslim parents use in the upbringing of their adolescent children, it was found, as expected, that the parents are very controlling. Interestingly, Arab/Muslim adolescents seem accepting of that control without consistent complaint (Hatab & Makki, 1978).