Download Electromyography: Physiology, Engineering, and Non-Invasive by Roberto Merletti, Philip J. Parker PDF

By Roberto Merletti, Philip J. Parker

ISBN-10: 0471675806

ISBN-13: 9780471675808

An entire evaluation of electromyography with contributions from pacesetters within the box

In fresh years, insights from the sector of engineering have illuminated the large power of electromyography (EMG) in biomedical expertise. that includes contributions from key innovators operating within the box this day, Electromyography finds the vast purposes of EMG facts in components as different as neurology, ergonomics, workout body structure, rehabilitation, flow research, biofeedback, and myoelectric regulate of prosthesis.

Bridging the distance among engineering and body structure, this pioneering quantity explains the fundamental suggestions had to observe, comprehend, technique, and interpret EMG signs utilizing non-invasive electrodes. Electromyography indicates how engineering instruments similar to types and sign processing equipment can significantly increase the perception supplied through floor EMG signs. themes lined contain:

  • Basic body structure and biophysics of EMG generation
  • Needle and floor electrode detection strategies
  • Signal conditioning and processing issues
  • Single- and multi-channel recommendations for info extraction
  • Development and alertness of actual models
  • Advanced sign processing techniques

With its clean engineering standpoint, Electromyography bargains physiologists, doctors, and scholars in biomedical engineering a brand new window into the far-reaching chances of this dynamic expertise.

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Extra resources for Electromyography: Physiology, Engineering, and Non-Invasive Applications

Example text

Kao, F. , “Experimental study of the pathways involved in exercise hyperpnea employing cross-circulation techniques,” in D. J. C. Conningham, and B. B. , Regulation of Human Respiration, Blackwell Scientific, Oxford, 1963. 47. , C. F. Funderburk, B. Essen, and A. R. Lind, “Constituents of human muscle in isometric fatigue,” J Appl Physiol 38, 208–211 (1975). 48. , and K. Sahlin, “Regulation of lactic acid production during exercise,” J Appl Physiol 65, 509–518 (1988). 49. Kirsch, R. , and W. Z. Rymer, “Neural compensation for muscular fatigue: Evidence for significant force regulation in man,” J Neurophysiol 57, 1893–1910 (1987).

A. Gaffney, and A. Persons, “Electromechanical changes during electrically induced and maximal voluntary contractions: Surface and intramuscular EMG responses during sustained maximal voluntary contraction,” Exp Neurol 88, 484–499 (1985). 83. , W. M. Sherman, M. Shibata, T. Matsumoto, and M. Shinohara, “Oxygen availability and motor unit activity in humans,” Eur J Appl Physiol 64, 552–556 (1992). 84. Mutch, B. J. , and E. W. Banister, “Ammonia metabolism in exercise and fatigue: A review,” Med Sci Sport Exer 15, 41–50 (1983).

However, Kukulka and Clamann [54] and Moritani et al. [74] demonstrated in human adductor pollicis that for a muscle group with mainly type I fibers, rate coding plays a prominent role in force modulation. For a muscle group composed of both types I and II fibers, MU recruitment seems to be the major mechanism for generating extra force above 40% to 50% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC). Thus, in the intrinsic muscles of human hands, motor unit recruitment appears to be essentially complete at about 50% of maximal force, but recruitment in the biceps, brachialis, and deltoid muscles may continue until more than 80% of maximal force is attained [18,54,72,81].

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