By Wolfgang Seeger
During this atlas anatomical elements very important for mixtures of microsurgical and endoscopic ways are offered and illustrated. smooth imaging innovations are worthwhile for the 3-dimensional orientation yet don't convey adequate info for endoscopic interventions. The small visible fields desire a mix of the depiction of good info and of the third-dimensional presentation of enormous components. in addition, issues of little recognized anatomical general versions of the objective components could come up. as a result, various universal anatomical editions are verified with regards to their impression for the surgical technique.
The foundation for Professor Seeger’s renowned drawings were anatomical arrangements, cadaver dissections and intraoperative photos. the proper proportions are derived via measuring the distances of anatomical landmarks of cranial arrangements and from CT and MR pictures. The concise textual content helps the knowledge of the anatomical figures.
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Additional info for Endoscopic Anatomy of the Third Ventricle
For topograms of transectional planes A to D see Fig. 10 Abbreviations a, c, d as Fig. 10 b, e, f omitted g Corpus pineale h Habenula i Recessus suprapinealis j V. basalis (Rosenthal) l V. cerebri int. m Velum interpositum n Fissura transversa o Atrium p Plexus chorioideus q Septum pellucidum r Cavum septi pellucidi 36 37 FIG. 11 ANATOMICAL BACKGROUND 38 Fig. 12 Splenium corporis callosi and Tectum. Common findings According to MRTs of normal individuals, simplified Narrow distant measurements of Splenium and Tectum, especially Corpus pineale.
E Lemniscus medialis f Tractus segmentalis medialis g Fasciculus longitudinalis medialis h Nucleus ruber i Corpus geniculatum mediale j Corpus geniculatum laterale k Thalamus l Substantia nigra m Crus cerebri n Fossa interpeduncularis o N. oculomotorius p Pons q A. basilaris 43 FIG. 14 ANATOMICAL BACKGROUND 44 Fig. 15 Vessels of Cisterna ambiens, Cisterna tecti and of the bottom of Fissura transversa (Velum interpositum). Schematic anatomical drawings A B Arteries and their relationships to veins Veins, simplified Abbreviations a V.
This may be possible in the future. A combination with retroforaminal approaches is possible 49 FIG. 17 SURGICAL APPROACHES Fig. 18 Types of Lamina terminalis. Some surgical aspects MRTs, simplified copies 50 51 FIG. 18 SURGICAL APPROACHES 52 Intraventricular target areas (Figs. 19 and 20) Fig. 19 Inspections by a flexible endoscope A B Anatomical routes Combination of multiple endoscopical topographies. Drawing according to a cadaver brain dissection 53 FIG. 19 SURGICAL APPROACHES 54 Fig. 20 Microsurgical topography or endoscopical topography using a non-flexible endoscope.