Download Environmental and Natural Resource Economics: An by Timothy C. Haab and John C. Whitehead (eds.) PDF

By Timothy C. Haab and John C. Whitehead (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1440801193

ISBN-13: 9781440801198

Given the quantity and scope of environmental difficulties we are facing at the present time, everybody from highschool scholars to coverage makers to involved voters may still know the way the economic climate works and snatch how meltdowns—both fiscal and environmental in nature—can be shunned. Environmental and traditional source Economics: An Encyclopedia bargains the serious info had to understand those advanced issues.
The entries hide issues in a way parallel to how environmental economics is often taught, addressing easy concepts,
environmental coverage, common source economics, marketplace failure, exhaustible and renewable assets, benefit-cost research, and utilized welfare economics. also, the booklet comprises entries on key recommendations of economics, routine, occasions, companies, very important participants, and learn components suitable to the learn of environmental and normal source economics. This paintings stands by myself because the merely name presently providing this type of breadth of assurance and point of element written in particular for readers with out really expert wisdom of environmental economics.

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Extra info for Environmental and Natural Resource Economics: An Encyclopedia

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Used car buyers do not know if a car is high or low quality, but the seller does, so there is an asymmetry in information. Of course the seller of the higher quality car signals high quality, but the problem is that the sellers of low quality cars have a profit incentive to signal that they are high quality. How does the consumer know the higher quality product? Buyers rationally pay a price based on expected quality of the car, leaving sellers with higher quality cars underpriced to the extent that sellers take higher quality used cars off the market (because the average compensation will be less than their actual value).

After all, if pollution is bad should we not design policy to completely eliminate it? The answer lies in understanding scarcity: we have unlimited wants, but live in a world with limited means. Economists in general study how people make decisions when faced with scarcity. Scarcity implies that resources devoted to one end are not available to meet another; hence there is an opportunity cost of any action. For both individuals and societies scarcity necessitates trade-offs, and the reality of trade-offs can make the complete elimination of pollution undesirable.

However, the regulator cannot observe the firmsÊ costs of reducing pollution and all polluters have a profit incentive to claim they would face high emissions reductions costs. To ameliorate the information asymmetry, a policy that provides choice may be effective. An emissions permit market enables interested parties to buy and sell the right to pollute, but the number of permits in the market is restricted to meet the emissions cap. Those with abatement costs that are less than the market permit price reduce their pollution emissions.

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