By Yannis Caloghirou, Nicholas S. Vonortas, Stavros Ioannides
The contributions accumulated during this quantity concentration explicitly on cooperative R & D in Europe. the 1st a part of the publication bargains empirical facts at the quantity, scope and course of this collaboration and explores the explanations and difficulties of the partaking agencies, in addition to the perceived advantages they've got loved. the second one half bargains with the tricky coverage concerns that various nationwide R & D regimes create for profitable cooperative study and foreign convergence. The large survey result of eu businesses enable the authors to check collaborative study guidelines in quite a few. learn more... Figures; Tables; record of participants; Foreword; Acknowledgements; Abbreviations; 1. common advent; creation to half I; 2. examine joint ventures: a survey of the theoretical literature; three. backed learn joint ventures in Europe; four. RJV formation by means of eu businesses: strategic issues; five. R & D cooperation: a case examine research on backed eu tasks; 6. Determinants of RJV formation -- RJV returns; 7. RJVs in Europe: tendencies, functionality, affects; creation to half II
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Extra resources for European Collaboration in Research and Development: Business Strategy and Public Policy
Overall, then, as competitiveness concerns receded somewhat in the European Union, concerns of employment and economic cohesion between member states have strengthened. 4 Meanwhile Japan, projecting the major competitive threat for both European and American industry in the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s, has reeled under prolonged economic recession during the 1990s. In other words, the ‘competitiveness lobby’ has lost ground in the United States without any other signiﬁcant replacement. The rationale for cooperative R&D has changed accordingly.
Therefore, the growth of the ﬁrm is a path-dependent process, in the sense that the ﬁrm’s history aﬀects critically the cognitive frameworks of the members, and thus the direction and the rate at which new knowledge is obtained, and becomes eﬀective in their joint eﬀort. The relevance of this analytical framework for the analysis of the process of innovation is, of course, obvious. Capabilities can be developed within the ﬁrm but can also be obtained through the market and, thus, the boundaries between these two types of institutions are not impregnable but have rather the character of a continuum of alternatives.
Vonortas (2000), ‘Research partnerships’, Research Policy, 29(4–5), 567–86. -H. and K. Sakai (2000), ‘International strategic alliances: their role in industrial globalization’, STI working paper 2000/5, Paris: OECD. Nelson, R. R. ’, Science, Technology and Human Values, 14(3): 229–41. Nelson, R. R. (1990) ‘Capitalism as an engine of progress’, Research Policy, 19, 193–214. Vonortas, N. S. (1997), ‘Cooperation in Research and Development’, Boston, MA, Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.