By Michelle A. McKinley
Fractional Freedoms explores how millions of slaves in colonial Peru
were in a position to safe their freedom, hold their households intact, negotiate
lower self- buy costs, and organize transfers of possession by way of fi ling
legal claims. via huge archival learn, Michelle McKinley
excavates the reports of enslaved ladies whose historic footprint
is slightly noticeable within the offi cial checklist. She complicates the way in which we
think approximately existence lower than slavery and demonstrates the measure to which
slaves have been capable of workout their very own business enterprise, regardless of being stuck up
in the Atlantic slave exchange. Enslaved girls are positioned as criminal actors
who had overlapping identities as better halves, moms, mistresses, wetnurses
and day- salary domestics, and those studies in the urban
working surroundings are proven to situation their identities as slaves.
Although the results in their proceedings assorted, Fractional Freedoms
demonstrates how enslaved girls used channels of love and intimacy
to press for liberty and stop the generational transmission of
enslavement to their childrens.
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Extra resources for Fractional freedoms : slavery, intimacy, and legal mobilization in colonial Lima, 1600–1700
For an early study that includes Cuba within the comparative frame, see Klein, Slavery in the Americas. Nader, Law in Culture and Society; Lazarus-Black and Hirsch, Contested States; Falk Moore, Social Facts and Fabrications; Starr and Collier, History and Power in the Study of Law; Merry, Getting Justice and Getting Even; and Sarat and Kearns, Law in Everyday Life. See, for example, “Latin America at a Crossroads,” the influential work of postdevelopment scholar Arturo Escobar. ” For important works in colonial gender history using parish sources, see Arrom, The Women of Mexico City; Seed, To Love, Honor, and Obey in Colonial Mexico; Mannarelli, Pecados Públicos; Twinam, Public Lives, Private Secrets; Lavrin, Sexuality and Marriage in Colonial Latin America; Stern, The Secret History of Gender; and Hünefeldt, Liberalism in the Bedroom.
Chapter Outlines Chapter 1 reviews legal actors, the jurisdictional history of the court, and the role of law. It employs the methodologies and tools of sociolegal history and legal anthropology to pose questions about both professionally trained personnel and the litigants who sought their services. Who used the court and for what purpose? How and where were professionals trained? What were their social backgrounds and career prospects and what kinds of professional networks did they have? Using cases involving injunctions to prevent the separation of enslaved spouses, Chapter 2 explores how marriage and slavery in urban Iberoamerica were at times mutually constitutive and at other times incompatible.
Fractional Freedoms offers readers an opportunity to rethink the conventional rendition of the lives of enslaved women and to consider the impact of slavery on intimate life. The chapters move the reader through the life stages of birth, childhood, marriage, and death, following the gradient from bondage to quasi emancipation as enslaved people accrued fractions of freedom. Courts provided an outlet through which to challenge and undermine the pretensions of some patriarchs to power. Fractional Freedoms takes a comparative look at the differences between urban Hispanic slavery and the emerging British Atlantic slave system, showing more clearly the impact of religion, gender, and domestic relations in the variations of slavery.