Download A general character theory for partially ordered sets and by K. Keimel, Karl Heinrich Hofmann PDF

By K. Keimel, Karl Heinrich Hofmann

ISBN-10: 0821818228

ISBN-13: 9780821818220

We use characters of lattices (i.e. lattice morphisms into
the aspect lattice 2) and characters of topological areas
(i.e. non-stop capabilities into an thoroughly topologized
element house 2) to acquire connections and dualities among
various different types of lattices and topological areas. The
objective is to offer a unified remedy of assorted recognized
aspects within the relation among lattices and topological areas
and to find, at the approach, a few new ones.

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Additional resources for A general character theory for partially ordered sets and lattices

Example text

I Assume now that two equivalent machines M and M* are in minimal-state form. 6]. This observation leads to the following corollary. 9: Let M be a minimal-state form machine. There exists a minimal state form machine M* which is equivalent but not isomorphic to M if and only if there exists a row ~(ylx), in a matrix A(ylx) of M, which is not simplicial. It follows from the above theorem and corollary that the uniqueness of the reduced or minimal-state form of a machine M is conditional on the nature of the points hM(~(ylx)), where ~(ylx) is a row in a matrix AM(ylx).

Find the matrix G(M,n) for the machine whose matrices are as in Exercise 1, with distribution 1t = (t, -h t, 0). 2. 1: Let 1t and p be two initial distributions for a given machine. 1t and p are called k-equivalent distributions if the functions pivlu) and pp(vlu) [see (7)] have the same values for all pairs (v, u) such that I(v, u) < k. 1t and p are called equivalent distributions if the functions Pn(vlu) and pp(vlu) have the same values for all pairs (v, u). 1: Two distributions 1t and p for a given machine are equivalent if and only if they are (n - I)-equivalent, where n is the number of states of the machine.

It is easily seen that from this viewpoint the first method is preferable, since by it. 1 is applied to a matrix A with IXI x lSI rows and lSI columns, so that IWI < (lSI - 1)(IX/ x lSI) + I, whereas by the second method the lemma is first applied to the matrices A(x); since there are at most

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