Download Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals in Food (Woodhead Publishing by I Shaw PDF

By I Shaw

ISBN-10: 1420074350

ISBN-13: 9781420074352

The increase within the occurrence of illnesses, reminiscent of reproductive issues and testicular and breast melanoma, has been associated by way of a few to endocrine-disrupting chemical substances within the surroundings. The function of nutrition in transmitting those chemical compounds is doubtful and an issue of substantial study. this crucial e-book addresses key themes during this region. establishing chapters evaluate the consequences of endocrine-disrupting chemical substances on wellbeing and fitness and behaviour. the second one a part of the publication covers the origins, research, and possibility evaluation of endocrine disruptors in meals items. Concluding chapters pay attention to specific endocrine-disrupting chemical compounds.

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Extra resources for Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals in Food (Woodhead Publishing Series in Food Science, Technology and Nutrition)

Example text

1 Pharmacologically relevant doses of xenoestrogens Conventional toxicology relies upon measures of exposure that equate to pharmacological or physiological adverse effects, such as the no observable effect level (NOEL) the highest dose at which there is no measurable effect and no observable adverse effect level (NOAEL) – the highest dose at which there is no measurable adverse effect. However, hormones and hormone mimics often do not comply with these simplistic dose-related rules, and EDCs are no exception to this.

Gupta c (2000a), ‘Reproductive malformation of the male offspring following maternal exposure to estrogenic chemicals’, Proc Soc Exp Biol Med, 224 (2), 61–68. gupta c (2000b), ‘The role of estrogen receptor, androgen receptor and growth factors in diethylstilbestrol-induced programming of prostate differentiation’, Urol Res, 28 (4), 223–229. hakkola j, pasanen m, pelkonen o, hukkanen j, evisalmi s, anttila s, rane a, mantyla m, purkunen r, saarikoski s, tooming m, raunio h (1997), ‘Expression of CYP1B1 in human adult and fetal tissues and differential inducibility of CYP1B1 and CYP1A1 by Ah receptor ligands in human placenta and cultured cells’, Carcinogenesis, 18 (2), 391–397.

This might be an important mechanism of action of some EDCs. 10 Studies of placental transfer of xenoestrogens in humans We studied the placental transfer of genistein in ex vivo perfused human placentae (Shin, 2004). From an initial concentration of genistein in the maternal perfusate of 200 μg/L, we observed a decline in the concentration of genistein in the maternal circuit over a period of 3 hours, with a concomitant increase in the concentration of the same in the fetal side. 5% within 3 hours of initiating perfusion.

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