By David O. Carpenter, Sinerik Ayrapetyan
Fresh issues over the potential risks of electric and magnetic fields in the house and office are comprehensively addressed inside this e-book. The chapters comprise special examine at the organic results of electrical and magnetic fields, and facts for and opposed to any interplay of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) and the organic systems.
- The relative probability of publicity to EMFs
- Putative behavioral and neural results of EMFs
- EMF results on cells
Read or Download Biological Effects of Electric and Magnetic Fields. Beneficial and Harmful Effects PDF
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Extra info for Biological Effects of Electric and Magnetic Fields. Beneficial and Harmful Effects
The two-coil "Helmholtz-aiding" configuration has been largely replaced by a single, saddle-shaped or flexible coil, which is fixed to the surface of a cast or brace, or placed on the skin (Fig. 5). Depending on the anatomical site and coil configuration pulse generators may require adjustments in the voltage driving the coils to assure a "therapeutic" induced E field value of = 1 mV/ ern at the target level. Characteristically, patients are seen in the surgeon's office where the coil(s) is fitted as an outpatient procedure.
Cain, C. , Adey, W. , and Luben, R. A. (1987). ]. Bone Miner. Res. 2,437 -441. Cochran, G. V. , Pawluk, R. , and Bassett, C. A. L. (1968). Electromechanical characteristics of bone under physiological moisture conditions. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. 58, 249 - 270. Connolly, J. F. (1991). sO, Park Ridge, IL. Cook, I. , and Bassett, C. A. L. (1983a). Effects of tissue type and orientation of electromagnetically induced voltage. Orthop. ]. Bone [t. Surge 7,361-362. ). Cook, I. , and Bassett, C. A. L.
As part of the educational effort, the public itself needs to develop a broader appreciation of the therapeutic options for nonunions and osteonecrosis. Given appropriate information, it is doubtful that many individuals would opt for a surgical procedure when an equally effective, less risky, less painful, and less costly nonoperative method could be substituted. In fact, public opinion can help counterbalance any professional bias in favor of surgery for these and other conditions. B. Regulatory As noted above, current FDA policy for approval of PEMF devices, unlike drugs, is on an anatomic site-by-anatomic site and an indication-byindication basis.