Download Energy security and climate policy : assessing interactions by international energy agency PDF

By international energy agency

ISBN-10: 9264109935

ISBN-13: 9789264109933

International strength call for is surging. Oil, coal and common gasoline nonetheless meet such a lot international strength wishes, growing severe implications for the surroundings. One result's that CO₂ emissions, the critical reason for international warming, are emerging. This research underlines the shut hyperlink among efforts to make sure strength safeguard and people to mitigate weather swap. judgements on one aspect have an effect on the opposite. The e-book provides a framework Read more...

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Example text

Each firm is too small to affect the market price by itself. If a firm attempts to increase prices above the competitive level, it will lose its customers. Similarly, if a firm reduces output, it will not affect the market price because its output is too small to significantly reduce the market output. In reality, however, some firms have stronger market positions than others and may have the ability to harm competition. Competition law therefore seeks to promote economic competition by prohibiting anticompetitive behaviour and unfair business practices by such firms.

For oil, 2005 estimates show an R/P of approximately 81 years for the Middle East and 11 years for the OECD, indicating a likely increasing reliance on imports from the Middle East in the future. Gas R/P estimates are also much higher in the main resource rich countries than for the OECD – 81 years for the Russian Federation, over 100 years for both Iran and Qatar and only 14 years for the OECD – also indicating a trend towards rising imports by the OECD (BP, 2005). This is confirmed by recent IEA projections which also indicate a progressive concentration of import sources (IEA, 2006c).

It proposes a new set of indicators to be used in the analysis while a review of existing quantitative efforts can be found in Annex I. Summary Climate change stems from anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. The energy sector is by far the main source of such emissions worldwide. Policy options to reduce energy-related emissions consist of improving energy efficiency, switching to less carbon intensive fossil fuels or to emissions-free energy sources, and capturing and storing CO2. In the first case, actions include establishing strategic reserves, dialogue with producers, and determining contingency plans to curtail consumption in times of 43 © OECD/IEA, 2007 With regard to energy security policy, a distinction can be made between government actions to mitigate the short-term risks of physical unavailability occurring in case of a supply disruption and efforts to improve energy security in the long-term.

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